Guide to the Lawrence County Conservation District Collection At the Leland D. Case Library for Western Historical Studies

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Lawrence County Conservation District
Title: Lawrence County Conservation District Collection
Dates: 1955-1991
Quantity: 2 box(es) (2 linear feet)
Collection ID: MSS.Lawrence County Conservation District
Repository: Leland D. Case Library of Western Historical Studies
E.Y. Berry Library-Learning Center
Black Hills State University
Spearfish, SD 57799

Organizational History

When settlers first moved to South Dakota, there was very little scientific information about soil and its water management. In the 1930s, low rainfall and high winds appeared preventing the growth of cover to protect the fields. High damage by wind and water erosion then happened to the lands. Economic disaster resulted from the lack of income. The farmers and ranchers took their problems directly to Washington and present them to the Secretary of Agriculture. The Officials informed the people o federal programs for agriculture and the people wanted the programs implemented. In 1933, the Soil Erosion Service was established to conduct erosion control investigations, under the Department of Interior. In 1935, name changed to Soil Conservation Service. Farmers entered a cooperative agreement to receive assistance from the Soil Conservation Service. In 1961, the name changes again from Soil Conservation District to Soil and Water Conservation District.

The Lawrence County Conservation District was organized on July 12, 1941 as the Lawrence Butte District. Its headquarters were located in the CCC camp at Fort Meade. In 1942, it moved to Spearfish, and in 1943 an additional office was established in Belle Fourche. The Lawrence County Conservation District split from the Butte District in 1948. The land was leveled, and dikes, dams, and drainage systems were created, fields were contoured, and 178 miles of terraces have been built since then. District Supervisors have included: F. A. Papousek, Alex Kling, Warren E. Johnson, James A. Vorhees, and R. D. Long between 1941 and 1948; Walter Tetrault, Harry Edwards, George Jeffery, Ernest Rataka, and Charles Jones on the first board of supervisors after the district split; Henry Lasher, Stanton E. Selway, Robert A. Eatherton, Leo Derosier, Charles Wennberg, Reuben Hoffman, Melvin Anderson, Darrell Nicholas, and Jim Voorhees on the board of supervisors in 1967; Stanton Schway, James Eddy, Ray Rezek, Leo Derosier, Melvin Anderson, and Cecil P. Haight on the board in 1969; other supervisors include: R. A. Etherton, Henry Lasher, James Vorhees, Sr., Charles Wimmering, Henry Frawley, and Darrell Nicholas.

Scope and Contents

Collection consists documenting the activities of the organization.

Acquisition Information

Received 2010

Preferred Citation

Lawrence County Conservation District Collection, Leland D. Case Western Historical Studies

Processing Information

Processed by Meghan Keegan 2/2012

Detailed Description of the Collection

Box Folder
1 1 Photos - Mine - taken by Cecil Haight and BHSU professor, n.d.
2 Photos - Fish - taken by Cecil Haight and BHSU professor, n.d.
3 Photos - Weeds - taken by Cecil Haight, n.d.
4 Photos - Forest - taken by Cecil Haight, n.d.
5 Photos - Water (SCS) - class - taken by Cecil Haight, n.d.
6 Photos - Game - Nature Conservation Class, 1st Summer Session 1957 on State Farm, Spearfish - taken by Cecil Haight, 1957
7 Photos - Grass - taken by Cecil Haight, n.d.
8 Photos - Soil and Dirt Picnic - taken by Cecil Haight, n.d.
9 Hydrologic Unit Plan for the Whitewood Creek Unit HU Unit #5, 5/18/1990
10 Area Resource Development Plan for the Spearfish Creek HU Unit#4 Draft, 12/1/1993
11 Application to Dept. of Water and Natural Resources for planning funds for Whitewood Creek, 11/1989-6/1991
12 Hydrologic Unit Plan for the Crow Peak HU Unit #3, 2/27/1991
13 Hydrologic Unit Plan for the Redwater Unit HU Unit #1, 8/25/1991
14 Photos of Drainage, Ditch, and Dam Work of Spearfish & Surroundings, 1943-1944
15 Book: South Dakota: Its Past, Present, and Future, 1932
16 History of South Dakota's Conservation District Book, 1969
Box Folder
2 1 Slides for a Slide Projector: Annie Creek - Lawrence County July 1992, Bond Gold - Oct 9 1990, and Wharf - Oct 9 1990, 7/1992, 10/9/1990
2 National Records and Reports Handbook - Scrap book of newspaper clippings, 2/7/1995-1963
3 Conservation of Natural Resources Book (homemade) , n.d.
4 Atlas of United States Trees: Vol. 1. Conifers and Important Hardwoods, 3/1971